John Lightfoot (1602-1675)

An intellectual Westminster puritan, linguist and historian.

Today, many Christians are turning back to the puritans to, “walk in the old paths,” of God’s word, and to continue to proclaim old truth that glorifies Jesus Christ. There is no new theology. In our electronic age, more and more people are looking to add electronic books (ePubs, mobi and PDF formats) to their library – books from the Reformers and Puritans – in order to become a “digital puritan” themselves. Take a moment to visit Puritan Publications (click the banner below) to find the biggest selection of rare puritan works updated in modern English in both print form and in multiple electronic forms. There are new books published every month. All proceeds go to support A Puritan’s Mind.

Singing God’s praise is a work of the most meditation of any we perform in public. It keeps the heart longest upon the thing spoken. Prayer and hearing pass quick from one sentence to another; this sticks long upon it.

His Works:

The Works of John Lightfoot available in old English:

1. The Christian Sabbath (E. Madden, 1838) PDF Google Books
2. Horae Hebraicae … impensae in Acta Apostolorum … (1679) PDF Google Books
3. Horae Hebraicae … impensae in omnes Evangelistas … (1675) PDF Google Books
4. Horae Hebraicae et Talmudicae : Hebrew and Talmudical exercitations upon the Gospels, the Acts, some chapters of St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans, and the First Epistle to the Corinthians Oxford : University Press, 1859 PDF Internet Archive
Vol. 1 (1859) PDF Internet Archive
Vol. 2 (1859) PDF Internet Archive
Vol. 4 (1859) PDF Internet Archive
5. Horae hebraicae et talmudicae impensae in Evangelium S. Johannis: praemittitur Disquisitio Chorographica loca quaedam terrae Israeliticae investigans illa praesertim quorum mentio apud hunc Evangelistam, ed. Benjamin Tooke ((Londres)) (imprimebat Thomas Roycroft, 1671) PDF Google Books
6. Horae hebraicae et talmudicae impensae: I. in chorographiam aliquam terrae israeliticae, II. in Evangelium S. Matthaei, ed. Edward Story ((Cambridge)) (Joannes Field, 1658) PDF Google Books
7. Horae Hebraicae et Talmudicae in Acta Apostolorum, partem aliquam Epistolae ad Romanos et priorem ad corinthios (Lipsiae, 1679) PDF SLUB
8. Horae hebraïcae et Talmudicae in quatuor Evangelistas … (Sumptibus Haeredum Friderici Lanckisii, 1675) PDF Google Books
9. Horae hebraïcae et talmudicae in quatuor Evangelistas cum tractatibus chorographicis, singulis suo evangelistae praemissis (1684) PDF Google Books
10. Horae hebraicae et talmudicae in quatuor evangelistas, cum tractatibus chrorographicis, singulis suo evangelistae praemissis, nunc secundum in Germania junctim… editae e museo Jo. Benedicti Carpzovii,… (sumptibus haeredum F. Lanckisii, 1684) PDF Google Books
11. Horae Hebraicae et Talmudicae, impensae in Evangelium S. Johannis (1671) PDF Google Books
12. Horae Hebraicae et Talmudicae, impensae in Evangelium S. Lucae: praemittuntur chorographica pauca, de locis apud hunc evangelistam nominatis (Hayes, 1674) PDF Google Books
13. Horæ hebraicæ et talmudicæ; Hebrew and Talmudical exercitations upon the Gospels, the Acts, some chapters of St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans, and the First epistle to the Corinthians (Oxford : University press)
Vol. 1 (1859) PDF Internet Archive
Vol. 2 (1859) PDF Internet Archive
Vol. 3 (1859) PDF Internet Archive
Vol. 4 (1859) PDF Internet Archive
14. Horæ hebraicæ et talmudicæ: Hebrew and Talmudical exercitations upon the Gospels, the Acts, some chapters of St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans, and the First epistle to the Corinthians, ed. Robert Gandell, vol. 1 (University press, 1859) PDF Google Books
15. Horæ hebraicæ et talmudicæ: Hebrew and Talmudical exercitations upon the Gospels, the Acts, some chapters of St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans, and the First epistle to the Corinthians, ed. Robert Gandell (University press)
Vol. 2 (1859) PDF Google Books
Vol. 3 (1859) PDF Google Books
Vol. 4 (1859) PDF Google Books

 

Biography of John Lightfoot (1602-1675):

John Lightfoot: English Biblical critic and Hebraist; born at Stoke-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, Mar. 29, 1602; died at Ely, Cambridgeshire, Dec. 6, 1675. After completing his education at Christ’s College, Cambridge, he taught at Repton, Derbyshire, for two years and then took orders. Appointed curate of Norton-in-Hales, Shropshire, he became chaplain to the Hebraist Sir Rowland Cotton, who urged him to study Hebrew and other Semitic languages. He accompanied Cotton when he removed to London, and then became rector of Stone, Staffordshire, for about two years, but in 1628 changed his residence to Hornsey, Middlesex, in order to be able to consult the rabbinical collections at Sion College, London. During his residence at Hornsey he wrote his first work, dedicated to Cotton and entitled Erubhin, or Miscellanies, Christian and Judaical, penned for Recreation at vacant Hours (London, 1629). In the following year he was presented to the rectory of Ashley, Staffordshire, which he held twelve years, after which he settled in London and became rector of St. Bartholomew’s. Presbyterian in his sympathies, he took the parliamentary side in the Civil War and was a member of the Westminster Assembly. After a year at St. Bartholomew’s, he was appointed rector of Great Munden, Hertfordshire, and held it for the remainder of his life. In 1650 he was chosen master of St. Catharine Hall, Cambridge, and four years later became vice-chancellor. He again sided with the Presbyterians in the Savoy Conference of 1661, but accepted the Act of Uniformity in the following year. In 1667 he was appointed a prebendary at Ely. His Oriental library was bequeathed to Harvard College, but was burned in 1769.

Lightfoot was a prolific writer and is noteworthy as the first Christian scholar to call attention to the importance of the Talmud. His chief works, in addition to the one already mentioned, are as follows: A Few and New Observations on the Book of Genesis (London, 1642); A Handful of Gleanings out of the Book of Exodus (1643); Harmony of the Four Evangelists among themselves and with the Old Testament (3 vols., 1644-50); Harmony, Chronicle, and Order of the Old Testament (1647); The Temple Service as it stood in the Days of our Saviour (1649); The Temple, especially as it stood in the Days of our Saviour (1650); Harmony, Chronicle, and Order of the New Testament (1655); and the work which has done most to preserve his fame, Horæ Hebraicæ et Talmudicæ [From the Talmud and Hebraica] (6 vols., Cambridge and London, 1658-1678). The first edition of his collected works, those originally in Latin translated into English, was edited by G. Bright and J. Strype, 2 vols. London, 1684; and a Latin edition, including those at first written in English, was prepared by J. Texellius, 2 vols., Rotterdam, 1686. A complete edition of his writings was made by J. R. Pitman, 13 vols., London, 1822-25. It should also be noted that Lightfoot revised the Samaritan version of the Pentateuch for Walton’s Polyglot Bible.

 

 

Bible Verse:

“For the lips of a priest should keep knowledge, And people should seek the law from his mouth; For he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts,” (Malachi 2:7).

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