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Edward Leigh (1602-1671)

A Learned Divine, and a voluminous lay writer of the day.
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Theology or Divinity is twofold, either first, Archetypall, or Divinity in God, of God himself, by which God by one individuall and immutable act knows himself in himself, and all other things out of himself, by himself. Or second, Ectypall, and communicated, expressed in us by divine revelation after the pattern and idea which is in God, and this is called Theologia de Deo, Divinity concerning God.

Theology, if you look after the etymology of the word, is a speech of God: and he is commonly called a Theologer or Divine who knows or professes the knowledge of Divine things

Edward Leigh

His Works:

  1. A treatise of the divine promises in five bookes : in the first, a generall description of their nature, kinds, excellency, right use, properties, and the persons to whom they belong : in the foure last, a declaration of the covenant it selfe …/ by Edvvard Legh … Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1656]
  2. A treatise of religion & learning and of religious and learned men consisting of six books, the two first treating of religion & learning, the four last of religious or learned men in an alphabetical order … / by Edward Leigh … Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1646]
  3. A treatise of divinity consisting of three bookes : The first of which handling the Scripture or Word of God, treateth of its divine authority, the canonicall bookes, the authenticall edition, and severall versions, the end, properties, and interpretation of Scripture : The second handling God sheweth that there is a God, and what he is, in his essence and several attributes, and likewise the distinction of persons in the divine essence : The third handleth the three principall works of God, decree, creation and providence / by Edward Leigh … Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1654]
  4. A systeme or body of divinity consisting of ten books : wherein the fundamentals and main grounds of religion are opened, the contrary errours refuted, most of the controversies between us, the papists, Arminians, and Socinians discussed and handled, several Scriptures explained and vindicated from corrupt glosses : a work seasonable for these times, wherein so many articles of our faith are questioned, and so many gross errours daily published / by Edward Leigh. Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1644]
  5. A speech, of Colonell Edward Leigh, as it was delivered by himselfe to the honourable House of Commons, upon occasion of presenting a Stafford-shire petition: as also the petition it selfe, presented by the same colonell, and divers other gentlemen of Stafford-shire, on Munday the thirtieth of Septem. 1644. Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1657]
  6. Select and choyce observations, containing all the Romane emperours the first eighteen by Edward Leigh … ; the others added by his son Henry Leigh … ; certain choyce French proverbs, alphabetically disposed and Englished added also by the same Edward Leigh. Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1658]
  7. Second considerations concerning the High Court of Chancery, and the most excellent ordinance for the regulation and limitation of that court by Edw. Leigh, Gent. Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1648]
  8. The saints encouragement in evil times: or Observations concerning the martyrs in generall with some memorable collections out of Foxes three volumes. Martin Luther. The covenant and promises. Living and dying by faith. By Edward Leigh Esquire. Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1658]
  9. A philologicall commentary, or, An illustration of the most obvious and useful words in the lavv with their distinctions and divers acceptations, as they are found as well in reports antient and modern as in records and memorials never printed : usefull for all young students of the law / by Edward Leigh … Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1663]
  10. Fœlix consortium, or, A fit conjuncture of religion and learning in one entire volume, consisting of six books : the first treating of religion in general … the second of learning … the third, fourth, fifth and sixth books particularizing the men eminent for religion or learning … : in an alphabetical order / by Edward Leigh … Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1659]
  11. England described: or The several counties & shires thereof briefly handled. Some things also premised, to set forth the glory of this nation. / By Edward Leigh Esquire, Mr of Arts of Magdalen-Hall in Oxford.
    Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1661]
  12. Choice observations of all the kings of England from the Saxons to the death of King Charles the First collected out of the best Latine and English writers, who have treated of that argument / by Edward Leigh …
    Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1650]
  13. Annotations upon all the New Testament philologicall and theologicall wherein the emphasis and elegancie of the Greeke is observed, some imperfections in our translation are discovered, divers Jewish rites and customes tending to illustrate the text are mentioned, many antilogies and seeming contradictions reconciled, severall darke and obscure places opened, sundry passages vindicated from the false glosses of papists and hereticks / by Edward Leigh …
    Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [1657]
  14. Annotations on five poetical books of the Old Testament (viz.) Job, Psalmes, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Canticles / by Edward Leigh …
    Leigh, Edward, 1602-1671. / [MDCLXIV 1664]
  15. Analecta Caesarum Romanorum, or, Select observations of all the Roman emperors illustrated with their several effigies according to their coins / the first eighteen by Edward Leigh … ; the others added by his son Henry Leigh … : also certain choice French proverbs ; alphabetically disposed and Englished, added by the same Edward Leigh.


Biography of Edward Leigh:

Edward Leigh (1602-1671) was a distinguished English Puritan and theologian, born in Shawell, Leicestershire. He pursued his education at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, starting in 1616, and later became affiliated with the Middle Temple. In 1636, he began his political career by representing Stafford in parliament. During the tumultuous period of the Civil War, Leigh held a colonelcy position within the parliamentary army.

It’s worth noting that there has been some confusion between Edward Leigh and John Ley (1583-1662), leading to incorrect claims that Leigh was a participant in the Westminster Assembly. However, Leigh’s public involvement came to an end in 1648 when he, along with other members of the Presbyterian party, was expelled from parliament.

Leigh had a profound interest in theology from a young age, which led him to produce a plethora of theological compilations. Among his most significant works is the “Critica Sacra, containing Observations on all the Radices of the Hebrew Words of the Old and the Greek of the New Testament” (1639-1644; updated edition with supplement in 1662). This work was so esteemed that it earned him the gratitude of the Westminster Assembly, to whom the work was dedicated.

His other notable contributions to literature and theology include “Select and Choice Observations concerning the First Twelve Caesars” (1635); “A Treatise of Divinity” (1646-1651); “Annotations upon the New Testament” (1650) — which was later translated into Latin by Arnold and published in Leipzig in 1732; “A Body of Divinity” (1654); “A Treatise of Religion and Learning” (1656); and “Annotations of the Five Poetical Books of the Old Testament” (1657).

Edward Leigh’s life came to a close in Staffordshire in June 1671.


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